Suggested Readings: What Does Science Say About Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity?

September 15, 2016

Lawrence S. Mayer, Ph.D. (scholar in residence in the Department of Psychiatry at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and a professor of statistics and biostatistics at Arizona State University) and Paul R. McHugh, M.D (professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and formerly psychiatrist-in-chief at the Johns Hopkins Hospital) have released a comprehensive review of research on the nature of sexual orientation and gender identity.  Their primary findings include:

● The understanding of sexual orientation as an innate, biologically fixed property of human beings—the idea that people are “born that way”—is not supported by scientific evidence.

● The hypothesis that gender identity is an innate, fixed property of human beings that is independent of biological sex—that a person might be “a man trapped in a woman’s body” or “a woman trapped in a man’s body”—is not supported by scientific evidence.

● Compared to the general population, non-heterosexual subpopulations are at an elevated risk for a variety of adverse health and mental health outcomes.

from Sexuality and Gender: Findings from the Biological, Psychological and Social Sciences, The New Atlantis Journal, 2016

You can read the complete report here.

 

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